When we think of movies, we usually think of the actors, plot, and cinematography – but what about the music? The soundtrack and score can be just as important as any other aspect of a film. Enter the film composer. What does a composer do, and why are they important in filmmaking? In this blog post, we will be delving into the critical role of a film composer in movie production – from their job duties to how to become a film composer to finding film composer jobs online.

Watch: What is a Leitmotif — Storytelling with Music

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What is a Film Composer in Cinema?

First, let’s define film composer

The film composer is responsible for creating the musical score to the movie. They are responsible for creating music that enhances the emotions, themes, and atmosphere of a movie. This entails a lot of collaboration and musical skill. Let’s look deeper at the film composer definition.


What is a film composer?

A film composer is a skilled musician responsible for creating the original musical score that accompanies a movie. They work closely with directors and producers to develop a soundtrack that enhances the film's emotional impact and supports its narrative. Their duties include composing, arranging, and conducting recording sessions with musicians or orchestras. 

Film composers draw upon their expertise in music theory, composition, and orchestration to craft memorable and effective scores. In essence, a film composer plays a vital role in shaping the cinematic experience by providing the emotional backbone of a film through their musical creations.

Film Composer Duties:

  • Collaborating with directors to develop a concept
  • Composing original music tailored to specific scenes 
  • Arranging and orchestrating the composed music 
  • Conducting recording sessions with musicians

Film Composer Job Description

What does a film composer do?

Music has always been an integral part of the cinematic experience, helping to shape emotions, enhance storytelling, and create unforgettable moments. At the heart of this process is the film composer, a talented artist responsible for crafting the musical landscape that accompanies a movie. 

A film composer's job duties and responsibilities are vast. They work with the director, editor, and sound designer to create music that fits with the film's themes, motifs, and emotional beats. Let’s take a closer look at their role and function within the filmmaking process.

Creative Process

The journey of a film composer begins with understanding the vision of the director and the overall mood and tone of the film. Through initial meetings and discussions, the composer gains valuable insights into the story, characters, and thematic elements. 

In this video, Hans Zimmer discusses how the iconic brass sounds in the score of Inception were written into the screenplay by Christopher Nolan. This collaboration between film composer and director is what results in iconic sounds and stories. 

How 'Dune' Composer Hans Zimmer Created the Oscar-Winning Score

With this information, they create mock-ups or sketches of musical ideas that can range from simple melodies to more complex arrangements. The composer then shares these ideas with the director, incorporating feedback and refining the music to align with the film's emotional arc.


A film composer's work goes beyond just composing music; it involves collaborating with other key members of the production crew, such as sound designers, editors, and producers. This collaboration ensures that the score complements the film's visuals, dialogue, and sound effects while staying true to the overall vision. 

Story informs so much of music (and vice versa) from character to setting to emotional themes. Collaboration is key to this. Check out our video on the leitmotif and how film composers utilize it to make impactful film scores.

4 Ways to Tell a Story With Film Music  •  Subscribe on YouTube

Regular communication and creative exchanges between the composer and the production team are crucial for achieving a seamless integration of the score into the film.

Score Development

Once the creative direction is set, the composer delves deeper into the score development process. This involves composing themes and motifs that represent different characters or situations, as well as background music that sets the mood for specific scenes. The composer meticulously crafts each piece of music, ensuring that it enhances the narrative and captivates the audience's emotions whether this is diegetic music, non-diegetic music, or original songs.

In this video, the legendary film composer Hans Zimmer who is responsible for creating some of the best film scores of all time discusses his process in developing a score and the differences between developing songs and scores.

Writing to picture with Hans Zimmer 

Recording and Post-Production

The final stage in a film composer's process is recording the score with musicians or orchestras. This involves conducting the performers, capturing the nuances of each instrument, and creating a rich sonic tapestry. After recording, the composer works with sound engineers to mix and edit the music, ensuring that it blends seamlessly with the film's visuals and sound design

The score is then synchronized with the movie, completing the composer's contribution to the cinematic experience. Take a look at our video analysis of legendary composer John Williams to see the impact these scores have on iconic films. 

Mastering the Film Score: John Williams  •  Subscribe on YouTube

The role of a film composer is crucial because they can make or break a movie. The right music can transport the audience into the world of the film and amplify its emotional impact. Without a strong and fitting score, a movie could fall flat or fail to achieve its full potential. Thus, a skilled and talented film composer is an essential element in creating the final product.

What is a Film Composer Career?

How to become a film composer

Becoming a film composer is a dream for many musicians. However, it takes a lot of work. First, aspiring film composers need to have excellent music composition skills. They should also have extensive knowledge of music and be able to work with all types of instruments and styles. In this snippet of advice for aspiring film composers from composer Brian Tyler, he talks about the importance of understanding cinematic language.

Exclusive: Brian Tyler’s Advice for Aspiring Film Composers

Attending a formal degree in music composition or related field can help you acquire these skills. It's also important to network with people in the industry and take on as many music and film-related projects as possible.

Breaking into the world of film composition can be challenging. One way to get started is by finding an internship with a studio or with a composer. Other ways include seeking out opportunities with independent filmmakers or student filmmakers. Aspiring composers can also send their portfolios of work to music publishers, market them on social media, and attend industry events to build contacts and relationships.

In terms of future trends in film composition, technology plays an increasingly significant role. New software programs and digital audio workstations have revolutionized the way music is composed for the screen. Aspiring film composers can attend universities and colleges that offer courses in audio engineering and music technology to hone their skills in these areas.

From there, it's all about networking, gaining experience in the industry, and creating a portfolio. Participating in film festivals and competitions can be a great way to get your music heard and connect with industry professionals.

What is a Film Composer Paid?

Film composer salary

According to Payscale.com, the average salary for a film composer is expected to be around $70,000 per year. Of course, this figure varies depending on experience, demand, and success in the industry. Composers who also perform or conduct their own music tend to earn a higher salary. However, money should not be the sole motivation for pursuing a career in film composition – a deep passion and love for music and film should be the driving force.

How to Become a Film Composer

Find film composer jobs

Finding film composer jobs online or in life can be challenging, but not impossible. Networking and building relationships in the industry is key. Online communities such as film composer forums, social media groups, and job boards can be great places to find gigs and build your reputation. 

You can also reach out to production companies, music managers, and agencies for potential work opportunities. Attending film festivals, music conferences, or even industry mixers can also increase your visibility and networking potential.

A film composer plays a vital role in the overall impact of a movie by creating the music that enhances the emotional experience. Their work not only provides the perfect accompaniment to the visuals but also leaves a lasting impression on the audience. So next time you watch a film, take a moment to appreciate the composer's artistry and the magic they bring to the big screen.

Up Next

Discover more filmmaking roles

Film composers are a vital role in using sound and music to tell immersive stories. To continue through our series of the various filmmaking roles and positions, you can explore similar jobs like sound designer, editor, or director. Or you can jump over to our Film Crew Index to browse the entire range of filmmaking roles. Understanding what everyone’s role on a film set is will help make you a better overall filmmaker and a more efficient crew member.

Up Next: Explore more crew positions →
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