You’re looking for a list of the different types of camera shot framing in film, but you also want great examples that come with clear explanations of when and why to use specific shot frames.
In this post, we’ll provide you with downloadable shot lists that feature all of the different types of camera shot sizes in film. Lezgo.
Watch: Camera Framing on a Shot List
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Camera Shot Framing
What is camera framing?
Camera framing is the art and science of placing subjects in your shots. Shots are all about composition. Rather than pointing the camera at the subject, you need to compose an image.
For filmmakers and videographers, a major consideration for framing is the number of subjects you feature in your shots, and their physical relationship to each other and the camera.
We've created a mood board that features the most commonly used shot framing, all on one page.
Click below to print or save the PDF as a reference.
Based on how you plan to position your subjects, you'll need to adjust your camerawork. You'll want to capture your framing details on a shot list well before you arrive on set. That way you have a clear idea for the scene and can communicate your vision with ease.
That's not to say that things may not change the day of the shoot. But, having a shot list at the ready showcases that the director and DP have done their homework and are well prepared.
SINGLE SHOT EXAMPLE
When your shot captures one subject it’s known as a single shot.
Here's an example of a single shot:
Single shots can be set and framed in any shot size you like, just as long as there is only one character featured within the frame.
Now, why did I say featured rather than simply in the frame?
The reason is because you can have an over-the-shoulder single, also known as a "dirty single" that technically has more than one person in the frame, but the character in the foreground isn't featured.
Here's an example of a dirty single:
Two SHOT Example
Two Shot or 2-Shot
A two-shot is a camera shot with 2 characters featured in the frame.
Here's an example of a two-shot:
Two shots are often really useful for allowing performances to play out in a single take, which can be especially useful for comedy.
THREE SHOT EXAMPLE
Three Shot or 3-Shot
A three-shot is a camera shot with 3 characters featured in the frame.
Here's an example of a three-shot:
Three shots are really important in adventure films, or really any film that has a group of characters, because it is an enormous time drain to shoot 3 singles just to show every character, not to mention jarring.
OTS Shot Example
Over-The-Shoulder Shot (OTS)
Another element of camera shots to consider is the perspective of the shot. An over-the-shoulder shot shows your subject from behind the shoulder of another character. Because it emulates perspective, it’s common in conversation scenes.
Here's an example of an over-the-shoulder shot:
Over-the-shoulder shots can help to provide scene orientation, and connect the characters on an emotional level.
Over-the-Hip SHOT EXAMPLE
Over-The-Hip Shot (OTH)
An over-the-hip shot is similar to over-the-shoulder in that the camera is placed with a character's hip in the foreground, and the focus subject in the plane of acceptable focus.
Here's an example of an over-the-hip shot:
You'll gain a similar effect from an over-the-hip shot as you would an OTS, but if you have one character standing, and the other sitting, kneeling, or any other configuration that places the subjects on "uneven terrain" it will often suggest a power imbalance.
POV SHOT EXAMPLE
Point of View Shot (POV)
Now let's talk about choosing camera shots that show the point-of-view (or POV) of one of your characters. A POV shot is a camera shot that shows the view from a character or an inanimate object, like a bullet whizzing through the air or a bowling ball rolling down the lane.
Most POV shots will be from a character's perspective, but there is no hard and fast rule that requires them to be from living creatures.
Here's an example of a point-of-view shot:
A POV shot is generally sandwiched between two other shots:
- A camera shot of a character looking at something
- Cut to your (POV) point of view camera shot
- A camera shot showing the character's reaction
A point of view shot shows us exactly what the character sees, and we get to understand what's generating the character's reaction.
50+ Camera Shots: The Complete Guide
Camera framing is just one aspect to directing with the camera. There are also dolly zooms, crab shots, bird's eye view, rack focus, and more to consider. If you'd like to see our entire list of camera shots, this next post is for you. Camera angles, movement, focus, framing, equipment — you'll get everything you need to build your next shot list.