Golden hour is a term to describe a certain kind of light that is incredibly pleasing to the eye, and also looks incredibly cinematic. But what is it? And when is golden hour?
This post goes over the best time to capture this incredible light and some tips on how to do it.
What Time is Golden Hour
When is golden hour and what is it?
Golden hour refers to the sun’s positioning relative to whatever you are photographing or filming.
But, in layman's terms, what is it, and also, when is it? Knowing the range of golden hour time will help you capture incredible light for your images and footage.
Golden Hour Time
When is golden hour?
Golden hour is the first hour after sunrise and the last hour of light before sunset that produces a warm natural light. That window of time is determined by where you are geographically, as well as the season. Golden hour occurs when the Sun is between six degrees below the horizon and six degrees above.
This lighting it produces is ideal for photography because of the relationship between the sun’s positioning and distance to your subject. During the rise and fall of the sun, it is closer to the subject, and it is also moving through the atmosphere at a much lower angle than usual, producing soft diffused light. This type of light works well for photographers. It does not create any harsh shadows or exaggerated highlights. Golden hour also casts a warm color temperature illuminating the subject in a fairly flattering way.
Creating golden hour photos
- Use it for Front-Lighting
- Use it for Back-Lighting
- Use it for Rim-Lighting
- Capture Sun Flare
- Capture Silhouettes
How exactly does golden hour light get that perfect color? And how can you use it and plan for it, to get the best shots.
Watch Aputure’s video below.
Golden Hour Photography Tips
Capturing golden hour
Now for some tips on how to use this light to get the pictures you want.
Observe Sky a Day Earlier
Brief yourself on how the light moves and the speed at which it moves the day before. This will help you determine when the light is at its peak.
Plan Ahead of Time
Use a golden hour calculator to know the exact time. It’s a great tool to avoid wasting time. Then again, you can just check your phone for sunrise and sunset times, and be ready to shoot within the hour range as mentioned above.
Also, knowing your location ahead of time is critical so you don’t miss the light window!
If there’s too much coverage, golden hour may not be golden hour at all. They can enhance the light or block it, so be mindful of this.
Set White Balance to Cloudy
This will ensure you get the warmest color you can get out of your images and footage.
Use a Wide Aperture
This is for two reasons. One, the light isn’t as bright during this period, so you might need a wider aperture to let more in. Secondly, the light at during this time in combination with a wide aperture will allow for incredible looking bokeh, (the aesthetic quality of out-focus sections in your photos).
Try out different angles and keep taking pictures! The light is changing quickly during this hour.
Experiment with not only angles but subject positioning.
Try front-lighting where your subject faces the sun directly or back-lighting where the sun is behind your subject, to create a soft haze around them.
Rim lighting is also an effective aesthetic and can create a beautiful halo around your subject. The sun doesn’t have to be directly behind your subject, but the background should be darker. Try out different angles, especially lower angles, to get the sweet spot.
Sun flares are created when light hits the lens.
An easy way to get great flare is to move your camera so that your subject is partially covering the sun.
When golden hour comes to an end, it can produce beautiful silhouettes. Photograph your subject against the sun, and add some contrast in post production if needed.
Being a little underexposed with this warm light can create some really powerful imagery and vibrancy. It’s easier to lighten an image later than it is darken it.
What is Depth of Field?
Whether a photographer or videographer, understanding depth of field and how it works is critical to creating consistently creative imagery. Once you get a grasp on depth of field and how to play around with blur and sharpness, you can try out your new skills during this golden hour.