Storyboard arrows are the de facto way to illustrate character and camera movement in a storyboard. They bring dynamism to a static image but they also become a bit of critical communication between the director and the crew, especially the camera crew. But for all their simplicity, there are still some general “rules” behind them you should know. Which arrows to use and how can they be used for more complicated movements? In this quick guide to storyboards arrows, we’ll cover the basics so you can attack your next storyboard with an extra layer of professionalism and specificity.

Watch: Austin Powers 3 — Opening Scene Storyboard

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Storyboard Symbols

Why use storyboard arrows?

There are two main reasons why storyboard arrows are used. Both have to do with movement — by either the characters or the camera. The purpose of storyboards is to layout the plan for how a screenplay gets turned into a motion picture. And the closer you can get to "motion" in your storyboards, the clearer your vision can be communicated to your film crew.

Before we get into storyboarding camera movements, let's refresh ourselves on the movements themselves. When you realize the vast storytelling potential by simply moving the camera, you'll can bring storyboard arrows into your next project with purpose.

Here's our Ultimate Guide to Camera Movement.

Ultimate Guide to Camera Movement  •  Subscribe on YouTube

When blocking and staging a scene, both characters and the camera might be put into motion. The most simple and direct way to visualize this motion in a static, 2D image is with storyboard arrows.

Storyboard Arrows

How to use storyboard arrows

Using arrows in storyboarding is quite intuitive. At their most basic, arrows indicate direction. So, if you want the camera to pan from left to right, the arrow would point right. A single-direction movement labeled with a single direction arrow. You might even label the arrow as "camera" for clarity or even "camera pan" for even more. 

In a more advanced application, storyboard arrows can also communicate combinations of movement. If you want the camera to tilt down and then pan right, the arrow can be drawn in a corresponding "L" shape. Likewise, if a character turns their head in a shot, a curved arrow in the desired direction can easily communicate that.

Let's look at some examples how to use storyboard camera arrows.

Storyboard Camera Moves

Camera movement storyboard example

Let's look at an example of how to show camera movement in a storyboard. For this, we'll take this deleted scene from Austin Powers in Goldmember in which Austin skydives while fighting ninjas in mid-air.

Click the image below to explore the entire storyboard using StudioBinder's storyboard creator

Storyboard Arrows for Camera Movement  •  Click to view the storyboard

You'll notice a few different techniques for using storyboard arrows for camera movement. One of the most common usages is when you want to zoom in or out. The shorthand for either direction is to put four arrows into the corners of the storyboard pointing in the desired direction.

Arrows in Storyboarding

Storyboard arrows for character motion

Now let's look at an example of storyboard arrows when a character is in motion. For this, we can use another scene from Austin Powers. In this scene, we've entered the music video portion of the opening sequence. Naturally, there is a lot of direction and motion for these characters.

Pay attention to how storyboard arrows are used for the lead characters as well as the background dancers as well. 

Storyboard Arrows for Character Movement  •  Click to view the storyboard

Whether it's the choreography of the background dancers or Austin catching a bullet in his teeth, storyboard arrows help bring these panels to life. Here's the finished scene for your to compare. Did all of the character motion illustrated in the storyboard make it into the final film?

Britney vs. Austin  •  Storyboarding Character Movement

As you can see, storyboard arrows play a major role in storyboarding. Knowing that your static sketches will one day become moving pictures, it is important to storyboard camera moves and character blocking.

Ready to try storyboard arrows for yourself? Download our FREE storyboard templates and go crazy.

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FREE Storyboard Template Downloads

If you prefer the old-school, pen and paper method of storyboarding, download our FREE printable templates. Included are 60+ files for Word, Illustrator, Photoshop, and PDFs. You can also choose various layouts between 2- and 16-panel sheets in landscape or portrait.

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Free Video Storyboard Template

UP NEXT

More on storyboarding camera moves

We've just scratched the surface on how to use storyboard arrows for camera movement. In this next post, we'll look at even more examples and applications. By the end, you'll be a pro when anyone asks you how to show camera movement in a storyboard.

Up Next: Storyboard Camera Movement → 
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